Boat Battery is understood Marine battery as usual. That you understand the batteries means you understand the chemical reaction of sulfuric acid with lead plates and how they created direct electric current. And the result of the reaction is sulfates are deposited to the plates and reduces their ability to produce current at the same time.
For all users, marine batteries are more expensive because they have special constructions in comparison with the on land items. There are two types of batteries named Cranking and Deep cycle. Cranking batteries are designed to yield lots of power in short duration with the electrical-pushing design. This design is to turn over motors and usually measured in cranking amps. Cold cranking amps measures the amount of power available in a quick burst and be normal rating for battery capacity.
Marine Cranking Amps is a new measure coming into play in the marine trade, measuring the power at 32 degrees only. Meanwhile, the deep cycle type is built to deliver smaller amount of power over longer duration of time. This power is usually measured through amp-hours, providing you with the ability to judge your battery needs as a fisherman.
There are some groups for both cranking and deep cycle batteries including standard flooded, wet-cell batteries, and maintenance free or sealed battery that does not allow access to the cell. Also, there still has a latest model named absorptive glass mat battery that uses different plate and electrolyte technology while maintenance free, also.
The technology of battery: there are some basic types of technology including wet-cell, maintenance-free and absorptive glass mat (AGM).
- Wet-cell batteries have greater capacity than other types. They can be serviced and additives like Minn Kota’s battery that can be added, as can distilled water. Their disadvantage is they are possible to spill if being tipped over. In case they are improperly serviced, they will increase corrosion seriously.
- Maintenance-free types are sealed and certainly not spill. They have less corrosion and the maintenance free battery will not make the electrolyte get released if there is not a pressure build-up via overcharging. However, you cannot service the maintenance-free batteries if you do not cleaning the corrosion off the terminals. Thus, when a cell gets low because of overcharging process, it also stays low.
- AGM batteries sound more outstanding than above types because they are maintenance-free and more resistant to vibration. They don’t spill and have slow rate of discharge and a quicker charger at the same time. However, it has a lower amp-hour rating, leading short time of duration when using it.
Use your batteries in the most effective way is very important. This depends mainly on the maintenance, free or not.
- For the type of maintenance free batteries, you are not required to keep maintenance. But for other types, it is very necessary. The first is how to charge your batteries. The longevity of the batteries as well as their performance will have a drop if you let them sit under partial charge for so long time.
- In case of wet-cell batteries, you can add a cleansing agent to each cell to remove sulfate buildup and extend the life as well as capacity of the battery, as the result. You need to frequently check for the buildup of corrosion on the battery terminals. This will lead to partial charging and causes a break in the circuit at the worst possible time. Thus, your battery will get worse performance and decrease of longevity. It is necessary to understand that corrosion is a result of electrolyte leakage when the battery is overfull, hot or overcharge. The appearance of corrosion reports you that there is some strange of your battery so you need to check it right. Also, clean off the corrosion by using a solution of baking soda and water, a rag and a wire brush or sandpaper on the terminals.
- For wet-cell or flooded-cell batteries, pop the cell caps and check the electrolyte items before charging are necessary. Also, take care not to fill directly out of the container of water, but slowly add it to the cell so you can judge levels accurately without overfill.
How to have right chargers?
The best way to keep insurance of batteries is how to use the charger in the right way, saving the time of charging while providing enough energy for your battery. We suggest some the best types of chargers that are highly considered on the market as below:
- The DuraCharge Tournament Series chargers keeping batteries at the highest power longer
- The Guest Charge Pro 2745A onboard charger being created to quickly charge trolling motor batteries.
- The MK 220 and MK 330 chargers are the most advanced in the Minn Kota line.
- MotorGuide Charging Systems installed. The Max-Pro II and III provide 15 amps of output per bank.
- The Stealth 1 Charging System can use either AC power (from an electrical outlet) or DC power (from your outboard) to charge up to six batteries at a time.
- The Pro Series three-bank charger from Charging Systems International (CSI) allows the charger to compensate for batteries in different stages of life including older or newer batteries.
How to keep battery safety
In order to save your battery in safety condition, you need to wear the proper protective give. Also, equipe safety glasses for its protection from both electrolyte and corrosion and at the same time cleaning the contracts from the outside. The long-sleeve shirts are very popular to give you an added measure of protection from the effect of acids. Also, please charge batteries in a well-ventilated pace as hydrogen gas that is given off in the charging process.
Boat battery belongs to Marine battery that is as other types of batteries. However, the purpose and usage process of this kind requires some more serious conditions so when you get better in using this, you are possible to save other types for a longer time.